Upper Division Requirements


Data 100, Principles and Techniques of Data Science (CS/STAT C100), explores the data science lifecycle and focuses on quantitative critical thinking​ and key principles and techniques needed to carry out this cycle.  It bridges between Foundations of Data Science (Data 8) and upper division courses. 

The upper-division courses for the major together total to 30 units. Along with Computational and Inferential Depth; Probability; Modeling, Machine Learning, and Decision Making; and Human Contexts and Ethics (all detailed below), students will also select and complete a Domain Emphasis. Learn more about the Domain Emphasis requirement here.


All policies subject to finalization.

  • To satisfy the requirements of the major, all courses must be taken for a letter grade and passed with a 'C-' or higher.
  • Students must maintain a 'C' average in courses taken for the major, and in the upper-division courses taken for the major.
  • A minimum 2.0 overall Grade Point Average is required to remain in good standing.

See details about each of the upper-division requirements and the lists of courses that satisfy each in the drop-down menus below.

Data 100: Principles and Techniques of Data Science

Acceptable courses:

Computational & Inferential Depth

A student will be required to take two courses comprising 7 or more units from a list of advanced courses providing computational and inferential depth (C&ID) beyond that provided in Data 100 and the lower division (see below).

It is recognized that, currently, some of these courses have prerequisites that are not formally within the major, so for some combinations  students may need to use electives to complete those. However, many options are available that do not place such demands.

  • ASTRON 128. Astronomy Data Science Laboratory (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 161. Computer Security (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 162. Operating Systems and Systems Programming (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 164. Programming Languages and Compilers (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 168. Introduction to the Internet: Architecture and Protocols (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 169. Software Engineering (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 170. Efficient Algorithms and Intractable Problems (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 186. Introduction to Database Systems (4 units)

  • COMPSCI 188. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (4 units)

  • ECON 140. Economic Statistics and Econometrics (4 units)

    • OR ECON 141. Econometric Analysis (4 units)

  • EECS 127. Optimization Models in Engineering (4 units)

  • EL ENG 120. Signals and Systems (4 units)

  • EL ENG 123. Digital Signal Processing (4 units)

  • EL ENG 129. Neural and Nonlinear Information Processing (3 units)

  • ESPM 174. Design and Analysis of Ecological Research (4 units)  

  • IND ENG 115. Industrial and Commercial Data Systems (3 units)

  • IND ENG 135. Applied Data Science with Venture Applications (3 units)

  • IND ENG 173. Introduction to Stochastic Processes (3 units)

  • INFO 154. Data Mining and Analytics (3 units)

  • INFO 159. Natural Language Processing (4 units)   [formerly 3 units]

  • INFO 190-1. Introduction to Data Visualization (3 units)

  • NUC ENG 175. Methods of Risk Analysis (3 units)

  • PHYSICS 151. Data Science and Bayesian Statistics for Physical Sciences (3 units)

  • STAT 135. Concepts of Statistics (4 units)

  • STAT 150. Stochastic Processes (3 units)

  • STAT 151A. Linear Modelling: Theory and Applications (4 units)

  • STAT 152. Sampling Surveys (4 units)

  • STAT 153. Introduction to Time Series (4 units)

  • STAT 158. The Design and Analysis of Experiments (4 units)

  • STAT 159. Reproducible and Collaborative Statistical Data Science (4 units)
**Students may only count ONE of these three courses towards the major: IND ENG 173 or STAT 150 (from C&ID), or EECS 126 (from Probability).


A student will be required to take one course in probability. An understanding of probability is essential for dealing with uncertainty and randomness, the algebraic properties of estimation, the ability to formulate and comprehend stochastic simulations, and many other aspects of data science theory and practice. 

Acceptable courses:

  • STAT 134. Concepts of Probability (4 units)
  • STAT 140. Probability for Data Science (4 units)
  • IND ENG 172. Probability and Risk Analysis for Engineers (3 units)
  • EECS 126. Probability and Random Processes (4 units) [formerly EL ENG 126]

**Students may only count ONE of these three courses towards the major: IND ENG 173 or STAT 150 (from C&ID), or EECS 126 (from Probability).

Modeling, Learning, and Decision-Making

A student will be required to complete one course in modeling, learning, and decision-making.

Acceptable courses:

  • COMPSCI 182. Designing, Visualizing, and Understanding Deep Networks (4 units)
  • COMPSCI 189. Introduction to Machine Learning (4 units)
  • IND ENG 142. Introduction to Machine Learning & Data Analytics (3 units)
  • STAT 154. Modern Statistical Prediction & Machine Learning (4 units)

Human Contexts and Ethics

Students will be required to take one course from a curated list of courses that establish a human, social, and ethical context in which data analytics and computational inference play a central role. The purpose of this requirement is to equip the student with an understanding of the human and social structures, formations, and practices that shape data science activity (such as data collection and analysis, data stewardship and governance, work to ensure privacy and security, deployment of data in societal or organizational settings, decision-making with data, engagements of data with justice, practices of data ethics) and to allow them to gain experience and practice with modes of critical thinking, reflection, and engagement with these experiences and the choices involved. 

Acceptable courses:

  • AMERSTD/AFRICAM C134. Information Technology and Society (4 units)
  • HIST C184D / STS C104. Human Contexts and Ethics of Data (4 units)
  • INFO 188. Beyond the Data: Humans and Values (3 units)
  • ISF 100J. The Social Life of Computing (4 units)
  • PHILOS 121. Moral Questions of Data Science (4 units)

For certain Domain Emphases, additional HCE options are available (see domain emphasis pages for more details):

  • BIO ENG 100. Ethics in Science and Engineering (3 units)
  • CY PLAN 101. Introduction to Urban Data Analytics (4 units)
  • ESPM C167/PUB HLTH C160. Environmental Health and Development (4 units)